How to read a crochet pattern and crochet chart

how to read a crochet pattern

How to read a crochet pattern

If you’re new to the world of crochet, here’s a beginner’s guide to getting started with a crochet pattern written by our friends at Crochet Now Magazine. This article will help get you started with how to read a pattern. You can find lots of free crochet patterns here on Crochet Society, we release new patterns every week.

Reading a crochet pattern line 

There are many different ways to write a crochet pattern, but all the patterns inside Crochet Now use the same style, which we’ll clarify here for easy reference.

Using numbered Rows or Rounds (Rnds) is the best way to keep your place in a pattern. Take notice of whether the pattern says Rows or Rnds, as it’ll also signify whether you should be working the piece flat or in the round if not stated already.

how to read a crochet pattern

For example, in Crochet Now, the instructions for working a basic stitch will be given with the instruction of how many stitches are worked in succession. For example, the instruction ‘4 dc’ will tell you to work a double crochet stitch into the next four available stitches on the row below.

Increases are signified by the instruction ‘in the same st’ or ‘in the next st’. As an example, ‘4 dc in the next st’ will mean working four double crochet stitches into the next available st.

Square brackets are used in patterns to show a complete instruction, which is then followed by a further instruction outside the bracket. For example, ‘[3 dc, 2 dc in the next st] 4 times’ means that ‘3 dc, 2 dc
in the next st’ will be worked four times
in succession.

Another way of indicating a repeat is to use *, followed by an instruction to repeat from * a certain number of times.

Round brackets within pattern instructions will signify sizing – so make sure you pay attention to the Sizing section of the project materials column. If a pattern states S (M, L) then in the instructions 20 (24, 28) dc, you work the number of stitches required that corresponds to the size you are working only.

1 About the yarn 

If you can’t get hold of the pattern yarn, or want to substitute it for another yarn, this is important. Not only does it tell you the weight of yarn, it also gives an insight into the fibre make up (in case you want to create something that looks similar) as well as the yardage, so you can ensure you buy enough yarn length in the substituted yarn. If not, you might find yourself with a different dyelot, which could cause a subtle, but noticeable shift in the colour of your project.

2 Tension 

For most crochet projects, a tension square is important – especially with wearable items such as garments, accessories and baby clothes. How tightly or loosely you crochet is important for sizing, so crocheting a small square in the suggested pattern is an indicator of whether the final project will turn out the right size. If your tension does not match the suggested tension, adjust your hook size as required. Many people do not look at tension for amigurumi toys, however, yours may end up a different size if you have a looser or tighter tension.

3 Special stitches

If you come across a term outside of the common abbreviations included in this issue, it may be a special stitch. Look for separate instructions outside the pattern, which will explain how to make the stitch.

4 Finishing 

Apart from toys, most projects should be blocked to relax the yarn into its new shape. This is done by wetting the object, either in warm water, with a spray bottle or by steaming it. Then shape it and leave to dry.  This can be just laid out flat, pinned out on a blocking or foam board or, with the likes of hats, some people even pop them over inflated balloons. You can find this at the end of a pattern.

5 How to read a chart

First, find the key. While you may recognise symbols from previous chart-reading experiences, remember that different people draw charts differently, and what meant a treble stitch before may mean a half treble now. It will also contain special information needed to make sense of the chart.

crochet pattern key

You read a crochet chart from bottom to top when worked in rows, or from the inside out when working in rounds. Rows are worked from right to left first, then left to right, continuing as set unless otherwise stated, while rounds are worked anti-clockwise, as you would crochet them. Small numbers with arrows signify where each Rnd starts – helpful for making sense of more complex charts, while also giving a clue of where to fasten off and join in colours. If there’s a jump between where you end the row and where you start the next, there’s a good chance that the colour has changed – sometimes this is signified in the colouring of the chart, sometimes not!



One Comment on “How to read a crochet pattern and crochet chart

  1. Debbie Reply

    May 19, 2021 at 12:55

    I get confused when a chart has a portion of the chart and you multiply for the whole pattern. Especially when making an item of clothing etc when you have several bits of a chart ie, bit of sleeve bit of body etc. Do you have any advice please o how to approach. I have seen a lovely vintage long skirt and top but jut little bits of it given as a chart pattern

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